NGO is legally constituted organisation created by natural or legal persons that operates independently from any form of government. India has possibly the largest number of active non-government, not-for-profit organizations in the world. It has one NGO for every 400 people approx.
In India , NGO/NGP/ Public Charitable Trust Organisations can be registered in different forms such as Trusts, Section 25 Company, Societies and Cooperative Societies. NGO registration of Indian Non Government Organisation can be done under various Indian Laws.
The different legal entities under which civil society organization can register themselves are-:
- Registered Societies
- Public Trust
- Private Trust
- Non profit companies(Sec 25 now Sec 8)
- Co-operative Societies
- Multi State Co-Operative Societies(MACTS)
The term NGO originated from United Nations and normally refers to organization that are not a part of a government and are not conventional for profit business . The term is usually applied to organizations that pursue wider social aims and have political aspects but are not organizations such as political parties. NGOs can be distinguished into two groups:
Operational NGOs : have to mobilize resources. Finance obtained from grants or contracts, from governments, foundations or companies, require time and expertise spent on planning, preparing applications, budgeting, accounting and reporting. Major fund-raising events require skills in advertising, media relations and motivating supporters.
Advocacy NGO – The main purpose of an Advocacy NGO is to promote a specific cause. It makes efforts to raise awareness and knowledge by doing various activities like lobbying, press work and activist events. Advocacy NGOs will carry out much the same functions, but with a different balance between them. Fund-raising is still necessary, but on a smaller scale and it can serve the symbolic function of strengthening the donor's identification with the cause.
Operational NGOs often move into advocacy when projects regularly face similar problems and the impact of the projects seems to be insufficient. NGO Master too does both the advocacy and operational work. It is a developmental and environment operational NGO which run some regular campaigns by supporting campaigning networks. Our Masters conducts seminars to provide people with information about various operational and advocacy activities performed by it.