The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956. In addition, 16 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and coordination. The types of universities controlled by the UGC include Central universities, State universities, Deemed universities and Private universities

In addition to the above universities, other institutions are granted the permission to autonomously award degrees, and while not called "university" by name, act as such. They usually fall under the administrative control of the Department of Higher Education. In official documents they are called "autonomous bodies", "university-level institutions", or even simply "other central institutions". Such institutes include:

  • Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) are a group of autonomous information technology oriented institutes with special funding and administration. The Indian Institutes of Information Technology Act lists four central (at Gwalior, Allahabad, Kancheepuram and Jabalpur) and sixteen PPP IIITs. The List of original IIIT's (Indian Institute of IT).
  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are a group of autonomous engineering and technology-oriented institutes with special funding and administration. The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists sixteen IITs at (BHU) Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Bhubaneshwar (Orissa), Bombay (Maharashtra), Delhi (Delhi), Gandhinagar (Gujarat), Guwahati (Assam), Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh), Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh), Kharagpur (West Bengal), Madras (Tamil Nadu), Mandi (Himachal Pradesh), Patna (Bihar), Jodhpur (Rajasthan), Roorkee (Uttarakhand) and Ropar (Punjab).
  • School of Planning and Architecture (SPAs) are a group of architecture and planning schools established by Ministry of HRD, Government of India. All the SPAs are premier centrally funded institution.
  • National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are a group of engineering, science, technology and management schools which were established as "Regional Engineering Colleges" and upgraded in 2003 to national status and central funding. The latest act governing NITs is the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007 which declared them Institutes of National Importance. It lists twenty NITs. In 2010 the government announced plans for ten more.
  • Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are a group of business schools created by the Government of India. IIMs are registered Societies governed by their respective Board of Governors. The Department of Higher Education lists 13 IIMs.
  • Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs) are a group of five institutes established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, devoted to science education and research in basic sciences. They are broadly set on the lines of the Indian Institute of Science.
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are a group of autonomous public medical colleges of higher education. These are seven in numbers and are established by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, with the aim of correcting regional imbalances in quality tertiary level healthcare in the country, and attaining self-sufficiency in graduate and postgraduate medical education.
  • National Law Universities (NLU) are universities established for promotion of legal research and legal profession in India. There are around 15 National Law Universities in India which are autonomous in nature. The prominent among them are National Law School of India University, NALSAR University of Law and W.B. National University of Juridical Sciences.
  • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), situated at Thiruvananthapuram functions as an autonomous body under the Department of Space. The institute is the first of its kind in the country, to offer high quality education at the undergraduate, graduate, doctoral and post doctoral levels on areas with special focus to space sciences, space technology and space applications.

Of specific interest are Institutes of National Importance (INIs). INIs are institutions which are set by an act of parliament. They receive special recognition and funding.

S.No Institute State Location Type Established Specialization
1 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar Orissa Bhubaneswar AIIMS  2012 Medical
2 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi Delhi Delhi AIIMS 1956 Medical
3 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna Bihar Patna AIIMS 2012 Medical
4 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur Chhattisgarh Raipur AIIMS 2012 Medical
5 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal Madhya Pradesh Bhopal AIIMS 2012 Medical
6 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur Rajasthan Jodhpur AIIMS 2012 Medical
7 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh Uttarakhand Rishikesh AIIMS 2012 Medical
8 Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur West Bengal Howrah IIEST 1856 Engineering
9 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad Uttar Pradesh Allahabad IIIT  1999 Information Technology
10 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh Jabalpur IIIT  2005 Information Technology
11 Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior Madhya Pradesh Gwalior IIIT  2005 Information Technology
12 Indian Institute of Information Technology Design & Manufacturing Kancheepuram Tamil Nadu Chennai IIIT  2007 Information Technology
13 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kurnool Andhra Pradesh Kurnool IIIT 2015 Information Technology
14 Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad Gujarat Ahmedabad IIM 1961 Management
15 Indian Institute of Management Calcutta West Bengal Joka IIM 1961 Management
16 Indian Institute of Management Bangalore Karnataka Bangalore IIM 1973 Management
17 Indian Institute of Management Lucknow Uttar Pradesh Lucknow IIM 1984 Management
18 Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode Kerala Kozhikode IIM 1996 Management
19 Indian Institute of Management Indore Madhya Pradesh Indore IIM 1998 Management
20 Indian Institute of Management Shillong Meghalaya Shillong IIM 2007 Management
21 Indian Institute of Management Raipur Chhattisgarh Raipur IIM 2010 Management
22 Indian Institute of Management Rohtak Haryana Rohtak IIM 2010 Management
23 Indian Institute of Management Ranchi Jharkhand Ranchi IIM 2010 Management
24 Indian Institute of Management Udaipur Rajasthan Udaipur IIM 2011 Management
25 Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu Tiruchirappalli IIM 2011 Management
26 Indian Institute of Management Kashipur Uttarakhand Kashipur IIM 2011 Management
27 Indian Institute of Management Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam IIM 2015 Management
28 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune Maharashtra Pune IISER 2006 Science
29 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata West Bengal Kalyani IISER 2006 Science
30 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali Punjab Mohali IISER 2007 Science
31 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram Kerala Thiruvananthapuram IISER 2008 Science
32 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal Madhya Pradesh Bhopal IISER 2008 Science
33 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Tirupati Andhra Pradesh Tirupati IISER 2015 Science
34 Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Kerala Thiruvananthapuram IIST 2007 Space Science and Technology
35 Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi Uttar Pradesh Varanasi IIT  1919 Technology
36 Indian Institute of Technology, Patna Bihar Patna IIT  2008 Technology
37 Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar Gujarat Chandkheda IIT  2008 Technology
38 Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar Orissa Bhubaneswar IIT  2008 Technology
39 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar Punjab Ropar IIT  2008 Technology
40 Indian Institute of Technology Rajasthan Rajasthan Jodhpur IIT  2008 Technology
41 Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad Telangana Hyderabad IIT  2008 Technology
42 Indian Institute of Technology Mandi Himachal Pradesh Mandi IIT  2009 Technology
43 Indian Institute of Technology Indore Madhya Pradesh Indore IIT  2009 Technology
44 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee Uttarakhand Roorkee IIT 1847 Technology
45 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur West Bengal Kharagpur IIT 1951 Technology
46 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Maharashtra Mumbai IIT 1958 Technology
47 Indian Institute of Technology Madras Tamil Nadu Chennai IIT 1959 Technology
48 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Uttar Pradesh Kanpur IIT 1959 Technology
49 Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi Delhi Delhi IIT 1961 Technology
50 Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati Assam Guwahati IIT 1994 Technology
51 Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati Andhra Pradesh Tirupati IIT 2015 Technology
52 Indian Institute of Technology Palakkad Kerala Palakkad IIT 2015 Technology
53 Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology Uttar Pradesh Rae Bareli INI 2007 Petroleum Technology
54 Indian Statistical Institute West Bengal Kolkata ISI 1931 Statistics
55 National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad Gujarat Ahmedabad NID 1961 Design
56 National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Mohali Punjab Mohali NIPER 1998 Pharmaceutical
57 National Institute of Technology, Patna Bihar Patna NIT 1924 Technology
58 National Institute of Technology, Raipur Chhattisgarh Raipur NIT 1956 Technology
59 National Institute of Technology, Warangal Telangana Warangal NIT 1959 Technology
60 National Institute of Technology, Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar NIT 1960 Technology
61 National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur Jharkhand Jamshedpur NIT 1960 Technology
62 National Institute of Technology, Karnataka Karnataka Surathkal NIT 1960 Technology
63 Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology Madhya Pradesh Bhopal NIT 1960 Technology
64 Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology Maharashtra Nagpur NIT 1960 Technology
65 National Institute of Technology, Durgapur West Bengal Durgapur NIT 1960 Technology
66 Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology Gujarat Surat NIT 1961 Technology
67 National Institute of Technology Calicut Kerala Kozhikode NIT 1961 Technology
68 National Institute of Technology Rourkela Orissa Rourkela NIT 1961 Technology
69 Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Uttar Pradesh Allahabad NIT 1961 Technology
70 National Institute of Technology Kurukshetra Haryana Kurukshetra NIT 1963 Technology
71 Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur Rajasthan Jaipur NIT 1963 Technology
72 National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu Tiruchirapalli NIT 1964 Technology
73 National Institute of Technology, Silchar Assam Silchar NIT 1967 Technology
74 National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur Himachal Pradesh Hamirpur NIT 1986 Technology
75 Dr. B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Punjab Jalandhar NIT 1987 Technology
76 National Institute of Technology, Agartala Tripura Agartala NIT 2006 Technology
77 National Institute of Technology Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Pauri NIT 2009 Technology
78 National Institute of Technology, Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Yupia NIT 2010 Technology
79 National Institute of Technology, Manipur Manipur Imphal NIT 2010 Technology
80 National Institute of Technology Meghalaya Meghalaya Shillong NIT 2010 Technology
81 National Institute of Technology, Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Eluru NIT 2015 Technology
82 National Law School of India University Karnataka Bangalore NLU 1987 Law
83 National Law Institute University Madhya Pradesh Bhopal NLU 1997 Law
84 NALSAR University of Law Telangana Hyderabad NLU 1998 Law
85 West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences West Bengal Kolkata NLU 1999 Law
86 National Law University, Jodhpur Rajasthan Jodhpur NLU 2001 Law
87 Hidayatullah National Law University Chhattisgarh Raipur NLU 2003 Law
88 Gujarat National Law University Gujarat Gandhinagar NLU 2004 Law
89 National University of Advanced Legal Studies Kerala Cochin NLU 2005 Law
90 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University Uttar Pradesh Lucknow NLU 2005 Law
91 Chanakya National Law University Bihar Patna NLU 2006 Law
92 Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law Punjab Patiala NLU 2006 Law
93 Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam NLU 2008 Law
94 National Law University, Delhi Delhi Delhi NLU 2008 Law
95 National Law University Odisha Orissa Cuttack NLU 2009 Law
96 National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam Assam Guwahati NLU 2010 Law
97 National University of Study and Research in Law Jharkhand Ranchi NLU 2010 Law
98 Tamil Nadu National Law School Tamil Nadu Tiruchirapalli NLU 2013 Law
99 School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi Delhi Delhi SPA 1941 Architecture, Planning
100 School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada SPA 2008 Architecture, Planning
101 School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal Madhya Pradesh Bhopal SPA 2008 Architecture, Planning