Different Education Boards In India
In India, Education is managed both by both the Union Government and the states, with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the states having autonomy for others.
Education in India falls under the control of The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). It is an apex resource organisation set up by the Government of India, with headquarters at New Delhi, to assist and advise the Central and State Governments on academic matters related to school education.
The NCERT provides support and technical assistance to a number of schools in India and oversees many aspects of enforcement of education policies. The objective of NCERT is to assist and advise the Ministry of Education and Social Welfare in the implementation of its policies and major programmes in the field of education, particularly school education.
It's functions include Research, Development, Training, Extension, Publication and Dissemination and Exchange Programmes. The NCERT also drafts, publishes and recommends school text books (from Class I to Class XII) of various subjects based on the recommendations of knowledgeable faculty in the subject.
In India, the various curriculum bodies governing school education system are:
- State Government Boards - Majority of Indian children are enrolled in this Board
- CBSE - Central Board Of Secondary Education Board
- CISCE - Council For The Indian School Certificate Examinations
- NIOS - National Institute Of Open Schooling Board
International Schools - These are affiliated to the International Baccalaureate Programme and/or the Cambridge International Examinations.
Islamic Madrasah Schools - These Boards are controlled by Local State Governments, or Autonomous, or Affiliated with Darul Uloom Deoband.
Autonomous Schools - These include Woodstock School, Auroville, Patha Bhavan and Ananda Marga Gurukula.
State Government Boards - Every state has it’s own Education Board which looks after the Academic Affairs of the schools coming under it. These Boards conduct various types of examinations which vary from State to State but most of them conduct the following Examinations-:
- Middle Standard Examination
- Senior Secondary Exam
- Senior Secondary – Open School
- Matriculation – Open School